What is Diabetogenic effect? - Studybuff (2023)

A diabetogenic agent may be defined as one that produces a persistent elevation in blood-glucose concentration to within the values accepted by the Report of the International Expert Committee on the Diagnosis and Classification of Diabetes Mellitus Report of the Expert Committee on the Diagnosis and Classification of …

What is meant by Diabetogenic effect of growth hormone?

The diabetogenic effect of GH was also supported by the high prevalence of diabetes in acromegaly patients [1]. The effects of GH on systemic glycemic control is complex partly due to its indirect effects via insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF-1), which has glucose-lowering effects similar to insulin.

What is Diabetogenic effect in pregnancy?

Pregnancy is diabetogenic due to increased production of insulin antagonists as human placental lactogen, placental insulinase, cortisol, oestrogens and progesterone. Insulin requirements: increases during pregnancy due to increased production of insulin antagonists while it decreases postpartum.

What is Diabetogenic state?

Pregnancy is a “diabetogenic state”; the progressive insulin resistance which develops during pregnancy as a result of placental production of diabetogenic hormones serves to decrease glucose entry into maternal cells and to preserve fuel for the developing fetus.

What hormone is Diabetogenic?

It is concluded that from the hormones investigated within this study adrenaline exerts the strongest diabetogenic action during its short term administration followed by that of growth hormone.

Which hormone is known as Diabetogenic?

HGH is diabetogenic only in prediabetic subjects whose pancreas is unable to respond to the insulinogenic effect of the hormone.

Does Sugar stop growth hormone?

Along with directly affecting insulin levels, excess sugar intake is a key factor in weight gain and obesity, which also affect HGH levels. That said, the occasional sweet treat will not impact your HGH levels in the long term.

Is Cortisol a Diabetogenic hormone?

Cortisol is a potent diabetogenic hormone. It promotes lipolysis in adipocytes and protein breakdown in muscle, leading to an increase in circulating free fatty acids and amino acids. Levels of adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) and cortisol increase in pregnancy.

What is the effect of growth hormone on Bones?

GH directly and through IGF-I stimulates osteoblast proliferation and activity, promoting bone formation. It also stimulates osteoclast differentiation and activity, promoting bone resorption. The result is an increase in the overall rate of bone remodeling, with a net effect of bone accumulation.

What is the main cause of gestational diabetes?

During pregnancy, your placenta makes hormones that cause glucose to build up in your blood. Usually, your pancreas can send out enough insulin to handle it. But if your body can’t make enough insulin or stops using insulin as it should, your blood sugar levels rise, and you get gestational diabetes.

What are the warning signs of gestational diabetes?

Warning Signs of Gestational Diabetes

  • Sugar in the urine.
  • Unusual thirst.
  • Frequent urination.
  • Fatigue.
  • Nausea.
  • Blurred vision.
  • Vaginal, bladder and skin infections.

Does insulin affect baby during pregnancy?

Insulin and diabetes pills Insulin is the traditional first-choice drug for blood sugar control during pregnancy because it is the most effective for fine-tuning blood sugar and it doesn’t cross the placenta. Therefore, it is safe for the baby.

Does hyperinsulinemia cause low blood sugar?

Hyperinsulinemia usually causes no signs or symptoms, except in people with insulinomas in whom hyperinsulemia can cause low blood sugar (hypoglycemia). Treatment of hyperinsulinemia is directed at the underlying problem.

What is Diabetogenesis?

diabetogenic in British English (ˌdaɪəˌbiːtəˈdʒɛnɪk, ˌdaɪəˌbɛtəˈdʒɛnɪk) adjective. medicine. causing or producing diabetes. Collins English Dictionary.

What is an antagonist to insulin?

Insulin antagonist – is something that opposes or fights the action of insulin. Insulin lowers the level of glucose (sugar) in the blood, whereas glucagon raises it; therefore, glucagon is an antagonist of insulin.

Which pituitary hormone has Diabetogenic effect?

The exact nature of the diabetogenic activity of the anterior pituitary gland remains a mystery. While growth hormone (GH) fractions clearly can produce a diabetogenic effect, there is increasing evidence that GH itself does not exert this effect.

What is glucose sparing effect?

Glucose sparing means the reduction of glucose catabolism and increase in fat utilization by most tissues. This spares glucose for the brain and thus protein breakdown is minimized.

What are Diabetogenic drugs?

Thiazide and thiazide like diuretics e.g. Indapamide are very famous group of drugs which induce hyperglycemia. They’re frequently prescribed to hypertensive and heart failure patients and during the course of therapy, hyperglycemia may be encountered and eventually type 2 diabetes may develop.

Which bone contains pituitary gland?

The pituitary gland or the hypophysis cerebri is a vital structure of the human body as it performs essential functions for sustaining life. It has the pseudonym of the master gland. The location of the gland is within the sella turcica of the sphenoid bone.

Can hyperthyroidism cause hyperglycemia?

Hyperthyroidism has long been recognized to promote hyperglycemia [27]. During hyperthyroidism, the half-life of insulin is reduced most likely secondary to an increased rate of degradation and an enhanced release of biologically inactive insulin precursors [28, 29].

Is somatostatin a protein?

1 Introduction. Somatostatin peptides are a phylogenetically ancient multigene family of small regulatory proteins produced by neurons and endocrine cells in the brain, gastrointestinal system, immune and neuroendocrine cells.

Does height increase after 25?

No, an adult cannot increase their height after the growth plates close. However, there are plenty of ways a person can improve their posture to look taller. Also, a person can take preventative measures against height loss as they age.

Does height increase after 18?

Summary: For most people, height will not increase after age 18 to 20 due to the closure of the growth plates in bones. Compression and decompression of the discs in your spine lead to small changes in height throughout the day.

What age is best for growth hormone treatment?

GH injections are quick and almost pain-free, so children ages 10 and up may be able to and often prefer to give themselves their own injections. It is important that a parent supervises the injection to make sure the child gives the correct dosage each day. Parents should give the injections to younger children.

What type of protein is cortisol?

steroid hormone Cortisol is a steroid hormone, in the glucocorticoid class of hormones. When used as a medication, it is known as hydrocortisone. It is produced in many animals, mainly by the zona fasciculata of the adrenal cortex in the adrenal gland. It is produced in other tissues in lower quantities.

Read More: What is the major component of ceramic?

What does cortisol do to the body?

Cortisol, the primary stress hormone, increases sugars (glucose) in the bloodstream, enhances your brain’s use of glucose and increases the availability of substances that repair tissues. Cortisol also curbs functions that would be nonessential or harmful in a fight-or-flight situation.

Is cortisol a steroid hormone?

Cortisol is a steroid hormone that regulates a wide range of processes throughout the body, including metabolism and the immune response. It also has a very important role in helping the body respond to stress.

What hormone is responsible for bone growth?

Three calcium-regulating hormones play an important role in producing healthy bone: 1) parathyroid hormone or PTH, which maintains the level of calcium and stimulates both resorption and formation of bone; 2) calcitriol, the hormone derived from vitamin D, which stimulates the intestines to absorb enough calcium and …

What happens if you take growth hormone?

Long-term use of HGH injections can cause a condition called acromegaly. Adults cannot grow taller by using the synthetic growth hormone. High doses will thicken the person’s bones instead of lengthening them. People with acromegaly will experience an overgrowth of bones, particularly in the hands, feet, and face.

What foods help bone growth?


  • milk, cheese and other dairy foods.
  • green leafy vegetables, such as broccoli, cabbage and okra, but not spinach.
  • soya beans.
  • tofu.
  • plant-based drinks (such as soya drink) with added calcium.
  • nuts.
  • bread and anything made with fortified flour.
  • fish where you eat the bones, such as sardines and pilchards.

What is Diabetogenic effect? - Studybuff (1)

Perrine Juillion

Graduated from ENSAT (national agronomic school of Toulouse) in plant sciences in 2018, I pursued a CIFRE doctorate under contract with Sun’Agri and INRAE ​​in Avignon between 2019 and 2022. My thesis aimed to study dynamic agrivoltaic systems, in my case in arboriculture. I love to write and share science related Stuff Here on my Website. I am currently continuing at Sun’Agri as an R&D engineer.

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